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GMAT Syllabus: Top 50 Topics to Study


The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is a standardized exam designed to assess the skills necessary for success in graduate business programs, such as MBA programs. To excel on the GMAT, it's essential to have a solid understanding of the key topics covered on the exam. In this guide, we will explore the top 50 topics that aspiring test-takers should study to prepare effectively for the GMAT. By mastering these topics, you can increase your chances of achieving a high score and gaining admission to your desired business school.

Quantitative Section:

Arithmetic: Topics include fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios, and proportions.: Focus on solving equations, inequalities, and word problems involving algebraic expressions.

Geometry: Cover geometric concepts such as lines, angles, triangles, circles, polygons, and three-dimensional shapes.

Number Properties: Study properties of integers, prime numbers, factors, multiples, and divisibility rules.

Word Problems: Practice solving various types of word problems involving quantitative concepts.

Data Sufficiency: Learn to analyze data and determine whether the information provided is sufficient to answer a question.

Statistics and Probability: Understand basic concepts of probability, mean, median, mode, range, and standard deviation.

Verbal Section:

Reading Comprehension: Improve reading comprehension skills by analyzing passages and answering questions.

Critical Reasoning: Learn to evaluate arguments, identify assumptions, and strengthen or weaken conclusions.

Sentence Correction: Brush up on grammar rules and sentence structure to improve written communication skills.

Vocabulary: Expand your vocabulary by learning commonly tested words and their meanings.

Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA): Practice writing essays analyzing arguments and presenting your own viewpoints.

Integrated Reasoning Section:

Table Analysis: Interpret data presented in tables and make informed decisions based on the information provided.

Graphics Interpretation: Analyze and draw conclusions from graphs, charts, and diagrams.

Multi-Source Reasoning: Synthesize information from multiple sources to solve complex problems.

Two-Part Analysis: Answer questions that require you to evaluate two components of a problem separately and then combine the results.

Topical Areas:

Rates and Work Problems: Practice solving problems involving rates of work, time, and efficiency.

Percents and Percent Change: Understand how to calculate percent change and solve problems involving percentages.

Profit and Loss: Learn to calculate profit, loss, and markups in business scenarios.

Simple and Compound Interest: Study formulas for calculating simple and compound interest and solve related problems.

Equations with Fractions: Practice solving equations involving fractions and mixed numbers.

Exponents and Roots: Review exponent rules and properties of roots to solve algebraic expressions.

Quadratic Equations: Understand how to solve quadratic equations using factoring, completing the square, and the quadratic formula.

Inequalities: Learn to solve linear and quadratic inequalities and represent their solutions on number lines.

Systems of Equations: Study methods for solving systems of linear equations, including substitution and elimination.

Properties of Circles: Familiarize yourself with circle terminology, properties, and formulas.

Perimeter, Area, and Volume: Learn formulas for calculating perimeter, area, and volume of geometric shapes.

Similarity and Congruence: Understand the properties of similar and congruent geometric figures.

Data Interpretation: Practice interpreting data presented in various formats, including tables, graphs, and charts.

Probability Distributions: Learn about different types of probability distributions and their applications.

Conditional Probability: Understand how to calculate conditional probabilities and solve related problems.

Combinations and Permutations: Study methods for counting combinations and permutations in probability problems.

Standard Deviation and Variance: Learn to calculate and interpret standard deviation and variance in statistical data.

Factorials and Combinatorics: Understand factorial notation and its applications in counting problems.

Logical Reasoning: Develop critical thinking skills by evaluating arguments and drawing logical conclusions.

Reading Strategies: Practice skimming, scanning, and summarizing techniques to improve reading efficiency.

Grammar Rules: Review essential grammar rules, including subject-verb agreement, pronoun usage, and sentence structure.

Parallelism and Parallel Structure: Understand the importance of parallelism in writing and identify parallel structures.

Idioms: Familiarize yourself with common English idiomatic expressions tested in sentence correction questions.

Rhetorical Construction: Analyze the rhetorical devices and structures used in written passages.

Main Idea and Supporting Details: Identify the main idea and supporting details in written passages to improve comprehension.

Logical Organization: Understand how writers organize their ideas and arguments in written passages.

Analytical Writing Structure: Learn the structure of analytical writing essays, including the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

Argument Analysis: Practice analyzing arguments by identifying premises, assumptions, and conclusions.

Counterarguments: Develop the ability to anticipate and address potential counterarguments in analytical writing essays.

Evidence and Examples: Learn how to incorporate relevant evidence and examples to support your arguments.

Coherence and Cohesion: Ensure that your writing is coherent and cohesive by using transition words and logical connections.

Integrated Reasoning Strategies: Develop strategies for effectively answering integrated reasoning questions, such as prioritizing information and eliminating irrelevant data.

Time Management: Practice time management techniques to ensure that you complete each section of the exam within the allotted time.

Test-Taking Strategies: Familiarize yourself with test-taking strategies, such as the process of elimination, educated guessing, and pacing, to maximize your performance on the GMAT.

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